(IV) A global society without segregation and discrimination, the source of hatred and division, is a fundamental objective of the United Nations. The main concern of the American treaties after the Second World War was security cooperation in a post-war climate marked by ideological conflicts with the Soviet Union, the bipolarization of the world between these two powers, the destruction of colonial empires and the emergence of nearly ninety new nations, economic inequality and dependence on nuclear weapons as a deterrent. As a result, the United States has not been able to pursue its traditional (moderate and reserved) contractual policy. Indeed, since 1945, it has entered into more contracts (without agreement) than any other nation, and almost all have been new type. These included assistance agreements, participation in the United Nations, peace agreements, alliances, deterrence treaties and treaties that address a wide range of issues that traditionally: human rights, ecology, environment and resources, global warming, the prohibition of chemical weapons and other weapons of mass destruction, access to space and future use of space. , copyright and intellectual property protection, as well as biotechnology and human cloning. Aware that their peoples have been living in peace since 1945; Thus, the United States, hostile to all military alliances for a century and a half, had become mired in the largest system of alliances in the history of the world and, at its peak, forty-four allies: twenty American republics, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, thirteen European nations in NATO, Japan and seven Asian nations (including Iraq). The existence of fundamental disagreements between the Soviet Union and the United States prevented the conclusion of a peace agreement with Germany. The founding of the Federal Republic of Germany in September 1949 was facilitated by the fact that the three Western occupying powers had unified their zones economically and put in place procedures for the re-establishment of a German nation (London Convention on Germany, June 1948). After also defining the respective areas of competence for the future state and the occupiers (the Washington Agreements on Germany, April 1949), they began to entrust an increasingly important role to the former. Finally, a simple peace protocol, the Treaty of Paris (October 1954), ended the occupation and replaced it with the presence of “security forces”. The treaty was approved by the Senate on April 1, 1955.
The Charter of the United Nations was created as a way to save “future generations from the scourge of war.” This is the result of the inability of the League of Nations to resolve the conflicts that led to the Second World War. Now, as early as 1941, the Allies have made a proposal that has created a new international body for peacekeeping in the post-war world. The idea of the United Nations began to be articulated in August 1941, when U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill signed the Atlantic Charter, which proposed a set of principles of international cooperation for the maintenance of peace and security.