Roussau`s political theory differs in important ways from that of Locke and Hobbes. Roussau`s collectivism is most evident in his evolution of the “light conception” (which he attributed to Denis Diderot) of the general will. Rousseau argues that a citizen cannot pursue his true interest through a selfish, but must submit to the law created by citizenship acting collectively. As mentioned above, north-south EDPs lead to changes in the southern partner, the northern state already meets (and generally exceeds) social standards requirements. Postnikov, E., Bastiaens, I. (2014). Does the dialogue work? The effectiveness of labour standards in preferential EU trade agreements. Journal of European Public Policy., 21 (6), 923-940. Social norms are rarely included in south-south ATPs and remain unenforceable if they are. Conversely, there is less fear of social divides in the North-North Agreements, which focus on regulatory coordination and facilitation of intra-firm trade. While north-north agreements also contain social norms, they rarely generate so much controversy among voters (for example. B the free trade agreement between the United States and Australia). The most recent example of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) (increasingly unlikely) is a unique case.
TTIP controversies over labour and the environment largely reflect public concern about the degree of potential regulatory convergence, as the EU and the US incorporate (and transpose) strict social norms into their respective ATPs and local political arenas. Jinnah, S., Lindsay, A. (2016). Interconnection of problems: environmental standards in U.S. trade agreements. Global Environmental Politics, 16(3), 41-61. Free trade generates macroeconomic gains, but it also creates winners and losers. Historically, to reconcile these tensions, governments have compensated the losers of globalization for social spending in exchange for support for free trade, called the liberalist compromise in place. What other strategies can governments adopt in the neoliberal era to strengthen support for globalization? We assess the impact of social norms in preferential trade agreements (EPAs) on individual preferences for free trade. We analyze data from an initial survey experience and find that respondents in developed countries have more support for free trade when ATPs contain social norms. There are differences in the perception of these social norms: while we find evidence of an overhaul of an integrated liberalist compromise, fair trade standards are the most important.
An external validity test using the PEW Global Attitudes survey confirms the hypothesis. Our analysis has serious implications for the legitimacy of the global trading system, which suffers from fluctuating neo-mercantilists. Philip Pettit , 19 years old.