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In this article, we define the concepts in a binding and non-binding way and discuss how legal documents can differ from each other. Sometimes the parties are ready to enter into a binding contract, but have not yet corrected all the details of the agreement. In such cases, which are generally complex and extensive, it is not uncommon to have a document with both binding and non-binding provisions. An announcement letter is an important first step in most real estate transactions. With little or no cost or delay, the parties can use a Memorandum of Understanding to reach agreement on key points of agreement for a transaction. However, as described above, you must exercise caution to avoid your letter of intent being accidentally turned into a binding agreement. The parties recognize that declarations of intent are not binding. Therefore, insert in your statement of intent a language that confirms that it is not binding and that negotiations may be completed at any time by one of the parties at its sole discretion. For the sale of specialized or technical equipment, the non-binding offer may require the seller to provide assistance for a certain period of time in order to ensure the smooth running of the equipment. Assistance may include the installation of certain specialists or machines equipped with destination equipment to enable an easy transition. Finally, the author of a law may list certain points that are not yet completed.

The list of these issues makes it clear that no final agreement has been reached. The main “risk” in the list of these questions is that the other party, which claims that the LOI is binding, simply accepts the proposals made, although this should not be used as a reason for not listing such points. Similarly, an author could include a calendar and table that would assign responsibility for task development (i.e., who will probably prepare the first draft agreement). Avoid using a language that can be interpreted as creating a binding agreement. The language adopted in a declaration of intent such as “agreement,” “offer,” “acceptance” or “offer” is null and void if it is not adopted until 17:00 p.m on xx/xx/xxxx” can be interpreted as an agreement of the parties to be bound by the declaration of intent. As a delay can trigger a quick response, you should add a delay that does not imply the existence of a contract, z.B. “Your answer is required before 17:00 p.m. on xx/xx/xxxx.” In the case of commercial transactions, parties to a merger or acquisition may use a non-binding offer to announce that they are negotiating for the purpose of buying or acquiring another business. In the United States, SOEs involved in a merger or acquisition transaction are required to submit a letter of intent or a non-binding offer to the Securities and Exchange Commission. Lawyers are cautious in drafting statements of intent that contain both binding and non-binding provisions and, due to a multitude of precautions, can be difficult to read.

It is important to keep in mind the following recommendations: since a contractual condition generally has strong legal implications, that any agreement is “subject to authorisation” (for example. B, by the shareholder or the board of directors or the representative of the board of directors of a parent company) and that it is “contractual” an effective means of determining the non-binding nature of a LOI. Other conditions, usually contained in non-binding legislation, include a reasonably satisfactory result of due diligence investigations and the inclusion of a works council. The terms of a letter of intent may relate to two or three different objects, one the Memorandum of Understanding itself and the other the expected final agreement (and their completion).