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The origins of the agreement date back to November 2001, when ESA ministers responsible for space activities gave clear instructions on the Agency`s development and policy. The ESA/EC agreement is an important step in their relations: it recognises both sides, stresses that they have specific complementary assets and mutually reinforcing each other and commits them to cooperate while avoiding unnecessary duplication. At the fourth session of the Space Council, 29 European countries expressed support for European space policy and unified THE approaches of ESA and the EU with those of their respective Member States. This is the first time that a common policy framework for space activities has been put in place in Europe. The European Space Policy, jointly developed by the European Commission and ESA, sets out a fundamental vision and strategy for the space sector and addresses issues such as security and defence, access to space and exploration. CONSIDERING that decision 676/2002 by the European Parliament and the Council of 7 March 2002 on a regulatory framework for radio spectrum policy in the European Community (radio spectrum decision) is relevant, Given that space systems or applications depend on the availability of radio frequencies, the European Community and the European Space Agency (ESA) believe that closer cooperation will strengthen peaceful uses of space as an important instrument to contribute to European economic cohesion and growth and enable space activities to be integrated into a wider political, economic, scientific, environmental and social framework directly at the service of European citizens; 5. This agreement is not intended to amend or oust previous agreements between parties that remain fully in force in accordance with their own conditions and provisions. (2) establish a framework that provides a common basis and appropriate operational arrangements for effective and mutually beneficial cooperation between the parties with respect to space activities, respecting their respective responsibilities and responsibilities and fully respecting their institutional and operational framework.